6/7/11

Συμπεράσματα Ευρωπαϊκού Συμβουλίου 23-24/6/2011 για την οικονομία της χώρας μας

  
Τετάρτη, 06 Ιουλίου 2011 14:26
Δεδομένου ότι πολλά εγράφησαν και ελέχθησαν στα Ελληνικά Μ.Μ.Ε σχετικώς με τα αποφασισθέντα, για την Ελληνική οικονομία , από του Ευρωπαίους ηγέτες, κατά την πρόσφατη συνάντηση Κορυφής , την τελευταία της Ουγγρικής Προεδρίας της Ε.Ε. παραθέτω αυτούσιο το κείμενο των συμπερασμάτων για την εξαγωγή των αναγκαίων εκτιμήσεων.
Επίσης, δεδομένου ότι το θέμα της λαθρομετανάστευσης ταλανίζει εδώ και μερικά χρόνια την χώρα μας, περιλαμβάνω και τις αποφάσεις για το θέμα αυτό.
Έπεται κείμενο:
Conclusions – 23/24 June 2011
The European Council welcomed the near completion of the implementation of the comprehensive package of measures it agreed last March to put Europe back on the path towards sustainable and job-creating growth and strengthen economic governance. It welcomed in particular the agreement reached on the future ESM and the amended EFSF as well as the substantial progress made on the legislative proposals on economic governance. It concluded the first European semester by
collectively assessing Member States' programmes on the basis of the Commission's evaluation and by endorsing the country-specific recommendations to be taken into account in upcoming national decisions on budgets and structural reforms. In this context it noted the pledge of Member States taking part in the Euro Plus Pact to enhance the ambition and precision of their commitments in next year's exercise. The European Council assessed the situation of those Member States with an adjustment programme. Regarding Greece, the euro area Heads of State or Government agreed on a way forward and called on their Finance Ministers to complete work to allow the necessary decisions to be taken by early July. After an extensive debate, the European Council set orientations for the development of the EU's migration policy, as regards the governance of the Schengen area, the control of external borders, the development of partnerships with the countries of the Southern Neighbourhood and the completion of the Common European Asylum System by 2012.
The European Council agreed that the accession negotiations with Croatia should be concluded by the end of June 2011, thus confirming its strong commitment in terms of the enlargement perspective of the Western Balkans.
The European Council discussed developments in its Southern Neighbourhood and adopted a separate Declaration on this subject.
I. I. ECONOMIC POLICY
1. This European Council marks the conclusion of the first European semester, allowing for a collective EU assessment of national measures foreseen by Member States. In the light of this first experience, the European Council considers that the European semester can become an effective governance method to support EU and national policy-making in an integrated, transparent and timely manner. The simultaneous presentation of Stability and Convergence Programmes and National Reform Programmes enables the EU to assess national growth and fiscal strategies together and to address possible, risks, imbalances or trade-offs.
2. Based on the assessment provided by the Commission, the European Council discussed the policies and measures presented by Member States. These constitute a good starting point for sustaining Europe's recovery, for addressing fiscal challenges and for driving more ambitious reforms at national level. The European Council notes the clear determination of all Member States to do everything that is required to fully implement the Stability and Growth Pact.
Member States have made good progress in defining action to attain the headline targets and goals of the Europe 2020 Strategy for jobs and sustainable growth. Some of the targets are on track but others (concerning employment, energy efficiency, R&D, poverty and tertiary education) require additional efforts. Priority should also be given to ensuring a sound macroeconomic environment, restoring fiscal sustainability, correcting macroeconomic imbalances and strengthening the financial sector.
3. The European Council endorses the country-specific recommendations approved by the Council and invites all Member States to reflect them in their national decisions as regards their budgets and structural reforms and to address the shortcomings revealed by this exercise.
4. National efforts must be supported by action at European Union level, particularly with the aim of unlocking Europe's full potential for economic growth and job creation. In this context, work should accelerate to deliver the Europe 2020 flagship initiatives and the Single Market Act, focusing on the priorities identified by the Council on 30 May 2011. In particular, the regulatory burden on SMEs needs to be further reduced and where appropriate micro-enterprises should be exempted from certain future regulations or at least be subject to a lighter regime. In this context, the European Council welcomes the commitment of the Commission to assess the impact of future regulations on micro enterprises and to screen the acquis to identify existing obligations from which micro enterprises could be excluded. It agreed to return to these issues at its December 2011 meeting. The Commission is also invited
to prepare a roadmap on the completion of the digital Single Market by 2015. The
Commission is invited to report in October 2011 on these growth-enhancing areas with a view to progress being achieved by the time of the Spring 2012 European Council.
5. Member States participating in the Euro Plus Pact have presented commitments representing over 100 separate measures in total.1 These commitments constitute a good first step towards achieving the objectives of the Pact and must now be implemented at the national level. Heads of State or Government will return to some themes of the Pact in December 2011 before the launch of the next European semester.
6. In preparing their next commitments, participating Member States will ensure:
- a broader scope: the commitments should focus more on frontloading growth-enhancing reforms to foster competitiveness, for instance in network industries and the service sector, and more attention should be paid to the reinforcement of financial stability; - a more concrete approach: Member States should strive to make their future commitments as specific and measurable as possible, giving details on how and when commitments will be met, in order to render progress measurable over time and facilitate benchmarking with other Member States as well as Europe's strategic partners; - a higher degree of ambition: Member States should announce where forward-looking reform projects have been initiated as a reaction to the Pact and take account of best practices; - pragmatic coordination of tax policies: the Commission and the Finance Ministers of the participating Member States are invited to report back by December 2011 on progress made in their structured discussions on tax policy issues, notably to ensure the exchanges of best practices, avoidance of harmful practices, and proposals to fight fraud and tax evasion. In line with the Pact, the Commission has made a proposal on a common consolidated corporate tax base.
7. Progress made by Member States in implementing the Council's country-specific
recommendations and their commitments under the Pact will be assessed by the European Council in March 2012 on the basis of the Annual Growth Survey of the Commission.
8. The conclusion of the Doha Development Round would substantially boost economic growth and promote competitiveness. The European Council reiterates the EU's commitment to advance the process of trade liberalization and rule-making to strengthen the multilateral system, and its readiness to explore all negotiating options to bring the Doha round to a conclusion including with regard to the priorities of least developed countries in line with the Doha mandate.
9. The comprehensive package approved by the European Council last March has now been almost fully implemented. Agreement has been reached on the European Stability Mechanism Treaty and on the amendment to the EFSF. Member States should take all steps required to ensure the ratification of the ESM Treaty by the end of 2012 and for the rapid entry into force of the amended EFSF. The legislative work on the package for the strengthening of economic governance has progressed substantially and its adoption in first reading is within reach. Stress tests are being conducted in the banking sector. It is of key importance that they are fully credible and transparent and concluded in full compliance with the methodology and
guidelines issued by the European Banking Authority and that all participants ensure the highest quality of the outcome. All necessary measures fully consistent with international standards must be rapidly taken to address any possible banking vulnerabilities brought to light by these stress tests.
10. The European Council welcomes the progress made in Ireland in the implementation of its reform programme, which is well on track. It also welcomes the strong commitment by the newly elected Portuguese government to fully implement its programme of reforms. Building on a cross-party consensus on the need to reform, strict implementation of those programmes will ensure debt sustainability and will support the return of Ireland and Portugal to the financial markets.
11. Euro area Heads of State or Government reiterate their commitment to do whatever is necessary to ensure the financial stability of the euro area as a whole.
12. The recovery in the euro area is well on track and has reached a sustainable path of solid growth. The euro is based on sound fundamentals, and we are deeply satisfied with the track record of price stability achieved since the inception of the euro.
13. As regards Greece, the European Council recognises the considerable progress achieved over the last year, particularly in the area of fiscal consolidation. It welcomes the Greek government's continued strong commitment to implementing the adjustment programme.
14. The European Council calls on the national authorities to continue implementing with resolve the necessary adjustment efforts to put the country on a sustainable path. A comprehensive reform package agreed upon with the Commission, in liaison with the ECB and the IMF, and adoption by the Greek Parliament of the key laws on the fiscal strategy and privatization must be finalized as a matter of urgency in the coming days. Following the request by the Greek government announced by the Greek Prime Minister, this will provide the basis for setting up the main parameters of a new programme jointly supported by its euro area partners and the IMF, in line with current practices, and at the same time for allowing disbursement in time to
meet Greece's financing needs in July.
15. The euro area Heads of State or Government agree that required additional funding will be financed through both official and private sources. They endorse the approach decided by the Eurogroup on 20 June as regards the pursuit of voluntary private sector involvement in the form of informal and voluntary roll-overs of existing Greek debt at maturity for a substantial reduction of the required year-by-year funding within the programme while avoiding a selective default.
16. The euro area Heads of State or Government call on Finance Ministers to complete work on outstanding elements to allow the necessary decisions to be taken by early July.
17. The European Council calls on all political parties in Greece to support the programme's main objectives and key policy measures to ensure a rigorous and expeditious implementation. Given the length, magnitude and nature of required reforms in Greece, national unity is a prerequisite for success.
18. The European Council welcomes the Commission's intention to enhance the synergies between the loan programme and the EU funds. The European Council supports all efforts to increase Greece's capacity to absorb EU funds in order to stimulate growth and employment. This can be done by refocusing them on improving competitiveness and employment creation. Moreover, the European Council welcomes and supports the preparation by the Commission, together with the Member States, of a comprehensive programme of technical assistance to
Greece.
19. Heads of State or Government are conscious of the efforts that the adjustment measures entail for the Greek citizens, and are convinced that these sacrifices are indispensable for economic recovery and will contribute to the future stability and welfare of the country.
II. MIGRATION
20. The free movement of persons, as established in the Treaty, is one of the most tangible and successful achievements of European integration as well as being a fundamental freedom. Political guidance and cooperation in the Schengen area need to be further strengthened, enhancing mutual trust between Member States, which are equally responsible for guaranteeing that all Schengen rules are applied effectively in accordance with the agreed common standards and with fundamental principles and norms. Europe’s external borders must be effectively and consistently managed, on the basis of common responsibility, solidarity and increased practical cooperation.
21. In line with the Council conclusions of 9/10 June 2011, the enforcement of common rules, in particular through the Schengen evaluation system, should be further improved and deepened so as to be able to give an efficient response to future challenges. An effective and reliable monitoring and evaluation system is necessary to ensure that this is the case. The future Schengen evaluation system will provide for the strengthening, adaptation and extension of the criteria based on the EU acquis. The evaluation should be EU-based and involve experts from the Member States, the Commission and competent agencies. The Commission is
invited to regularly report on the results of evaluations and where necessary propose measures to respond to any deficiencies which are identified.
22. A mechanism should be introduced in order to respond to exceptional circumstances putting the overall functioning of Schengen cooperation at risk, without jeopardising the principle of free movement of persons. It should comprise a series of measures to be applied in a gradual, differentiated and coordinated manner in order to assist a Member State facing heavy pressure at the external borders. These could include inspection visits and technical and financial support, as well as assistance, coordination and intervention from Frontex. As a very last resort, in the framework of this mechanism, a safeguard clause could be introduced to allow the exceptional reintroduction of internal border controls in a truly critical situation where a Member State is no longer able to comply with its obligations under the Schengen rules. Such a measure would be taken on the basis of specified objective criteria
and a common assessment, for a strictly limited scope and period of time, taking into account the need to be able to react in urgent cases. This will not affect the rights of persons entitled to the freedom of movement under the Treaties.
The Commission is invited to submit a proposal for such a mechanism in September.
Conclusions – 23/24 June 2011
23. Responsibility for the control and surveillance of the external borders lies with the Member States which, in performing this function, are also acting in the common interest of all Member States. In order to ensure that Europe's external borders are effectively managed and that the same standards apply everywhere, all relevant instruments must be used in an optimal manner and be adapted where necessary. The European Border Surveillance System will be further developed as a matter of priority in order to become operational by 2013 and allow Member States' authorities carrying out border surveillance activities to share operational information and improve cooperation.
24. These efforts will also be strengthened by pushing forward rapidly with work on “smart borders”, to ensure that new technologies are harnessed to meet the challenges of border control. In particular, an entry/exit system and a registered travellers' programme should be introduced. The European Council welcomes the agreement reached on the agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice.
25. The functioning of Frontex and other agencies needs to be continuously monitored to ensure their continued efficiency in assisting Member States in managing external borders, in fighting illegal immigration and in dealing with refugees. Frontex will cooperate with the third countries concerned. The European Council welcomes the agreement reached on the revision of the Frontex Regulation, which will increase the effectiveness of that Agency's operational capacities. In line with the Stockholm Programme, the framework for cooperation between national border guards will be further developed, notably by promoting common training and the sharing of capacities and standards. The Commission, in close cooperation
with Frontex, is invited to present further ideas in that respect by the end of the year.
26. Noting the difficult situation currently faced by some Member States, the European Council reaffirms the need for genuine and practical solidarity towards the Member States most affected by migratory flows. The EU and Member States will continue to provide the necessary operational and financial support as the situation evolves, building on the measures agreed by the Council on 11 April 2011. The necessary funds and technical and human resources will be provided in order to continue and, where required, step up activities in support of those Member States. The European Council welcomes the extension of the pilot project on a voluntary basis for beneficiaries of international protection in Malta. It looks forward to the Commission communication on intra-EU solidarity later this year.
27. A consistent and strategic policy is required to manage mobility in a secure environment. The objective must be to address the root causes of migration at a structural level. To that end, and in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy, partnerships will be developed with the countries of the Southern and Eastern Neighbourhood.
28. As a first step, as proposed in the Commission’s recent communication, a wide-ranging structured dialogue on migration, mobility and security will be established with those countries, with the aim of delivering tangible benefits for them as well as for the European Union. Such dialogues should begin as a matter of urgency with partner countries willing and able to engage constructively on these matters. Mobility Partnerships will be differentiated according to partner countries' individual merits; be agreed with each partner country separately; be conditional on efforts and progress made in all areas (migration, readmission, mobility and security); and include an efficient monitoring mechanism. Ways should be sought to increase the share of funding devoted to those areas, within the existing envelopes.
29. The Commission is invited to present its evaluation of the Global Approach to Migration, setting the path towards a more consistent, systematic and strategic policy framework for our relations with all relevant third counties, and including concrete proposals for the development of the Union's key partnerships, giving priority to the Union's neighbourhood as a whole.
30. Recent developments have put European asylum policy under strain. Safe and efficient asylum procedures are needed for people in need of protection. This requires in turn that the EU acquis in this field be fully applied. It is crucial that the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) be completed by 2012, based on high protection standards combined with fair and effective procedures capable of preventing abuses and allowing for rapid examination of asylum applications in order to ensure the sustainability of the system. The recent presentation by the Commission of modified proposals relating to the asylum procedures directive and to
the reception conditions directive should provide a new basis for negotiations to begin on two important building blocks of the CEAS. Changes should not, as a result, encourage the submission of unfounded claims or increase overall costs for Member States. These negotiations should now be taken forward with diligence on the basis of a balanced overall approach encompassing all proposals on the table in order to meet the key objectives set out above.

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